The female dog has its first heat cycle from 4 months of age to its second year. However, the size and breed of the dog also play a huge role in the cycle. We, therefore, see that tiny dogs get to the heat cycle early. It’s very important to keep off from breeding them at a very young age, but as soon as they get into their second or third estrus, you’ll be good to go.

But as soon as the first cycle is over, the female will get into heat after every six months. However, this can vary, ranging from 4 to 12 months.

Considerations to make before breeding

Do you have a home for the puppies that are about to be born? You don’t want to be one of those people contributing to the overpopulation we’re seeing in animal shelters.


The next thing is to take the female dog to the veterinary for a health check-up.

Get a blood test done to determine if the dog has any genetic diseases.

An x-ray of the hips should also be done.

Also, make a point of reaching out to the male dog owner. This will give them an opportunity to know forehand about the desired time that you’ll bring the female dog.

Determine if your dog is ready

Assuming that you’re an experienced dog owner, chances are high that you’ll know it when she’s ready. The first sign is clear spotting. Alternatively, she might altogether cease from spotting. The other thing that you’ll notice is that she’ll stand and allow the male to mount her.

There are some breeders who recommend that you smear her vagina before the breeding process. This enables you to have an idea as to when is the best breeding date. There are other people who have a vaginal swab done shortly before breeding is done.

One of the best and accurate ways that you can use to determine the best breeding date would be to conduct a progesterone assay. This test can always be done by your local veterinarian. The dog’s blood sample will be taken for further assessment. This should be done every one or two days. Also, it can be done whenever the levels of progesterone rise. At this point, the female dog will be ovulating, she’ll be ready for breeding.

How often should the male breed?

Assuming that you’re using some frozen sperm, you need to know the ovulation time. However, if the male dog is around, this is not a requirement that needs to be fulfilled.

Understand that the sperm often lasts inside her for a period of up to 5-7 days. Therefore, if you breed her soon enough, she’ll be willing to stand. You can also breed her every two or three days until she’s no longer willing to allow the male to mount her.

Chances are high that the healthy sperm will be present inside her and after she ovulates, the egg will be fertilized.

In some cases, you might find that the female dog does not want to be bred. In such cases, there are certain causes that bring about this problem. One of them is the possibility that she’s not even in the heat. However, if you’re sure that she is. Maybe she does not want to mate. In that case, she might need assistance.

In the event that you’re having challenges with this, you can always consult an experienced breeder to work with you. Such breeders will show you how to restrain your dog. But if you’re not working with a breeder, you need to exercise caution.

What to do during the breeding process

It’s important for you to stay with your dog during the breeding stage. The female needs support. This ensures that she does not collapse under the weight of the male.

During this phase, the male will mount the female and the bulbis glandis will swell up. They’ll then be tied up for about twenty minutes. The male will then swing a back leg over and stand over the female.

At this point, it’s very important to make sure that you don’t separate the female from the male. Also, avoid yelling at them or throwing water at them. You don’t have to use any crude method.

What’s next?

Assuming that you’ve done everything in the right way. You should expect puppies in a matter of 58-63 days after the female is bred.



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